Cannabidiol 101 (CBD 101)
What is CBD?
People often don’t distinguish between hemp and CBD, with marijuana.
So we will start by determining the differences between these two substances. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the more than 85 most common chemical compounds found inside the resin gland of female hemp (cannabis).
The difference between CBD and marijuana is that CBD products don't contain any THC (the ingredient that makes you high) like marijuana. CBD has absolutely no effects on the user's nerves and doesn’t intoxicate you.
Cannabidiol is known for its therapeutic properties. CBD oil has a wide range of benefits to relieve symptoms associated with inflammation, anxiety, depression, pain, and epilepsy.
Will CBD get me high?
No. The cannabis plant is made up of two main players: CBD and THC. "CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won't have any effects like euphoria. You won't feel sedated or altered in any way.
There are two possible exceptions to this.
The first is that some people, for unknown reasons, just react differently to CBD. About 5% of people say they feel altered after taking CBD. Usually they're the same people who have side effects from Advil or Tylenol.
You never know how your body will react to any new supplement, so when taking CBD for the first time, do so safely under supervision.
It's also crucial to buy third-party-tested CBD for quality assurance, because the FDA doesn't regulate CBD, so it is possible to buy a product that is more or less potent than advertised, or even contains small amounts of THC.
Where does hemp come in to all this?
You've probably heard the terms cannabis, marijuana, and hemp all tossed around in relation to CBD. The plant Cannabis sativa has two primary species, hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD, but there's a much higher percentage in hemp, which also has very low (less than 0.3%) levels of THC compared to marijuana.
When people talk about hemp oil, they're referring to oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. There are no cannabinoids—CBD or THC—in hemp oil. This ingredient is packed with healthy fats and often appears in beauty products for its moisturizing benefits.
What are the health benefits of CBD?
7 Benefits of CBD Oil
CBD oil is widely regarded as an effective product to treat and manage pain. The endocannabinoid system is a specialized system in the human body that aids in the regulation of sleep, appetite, the immune system and pain response. These naturally produced endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the body’s nervous system. CBD can help to reduce chronic pain by impacting this receptor activity, thus reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters. Currently, research is underway to determine the extent to which CBD can help with conditions such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
The Alzheimer’s Association estimates that by 2050, nearly 14 million Americans will be diagnosed with the disease and it will cost the nation $1.1 trillion. A recent article published by MBG Health highlighted recent research into CBD oil and its benefits for brain health, specifically to protect the brain from diseases such as Alzheimer’s and dementia, because it can help to prevent free radical damage, reduce inflammation and not only to protect the cells in the brain but to help generate new ones. This is also part of the reason why CBD is increasingly popular for patients suffering from seizures.
Studies are still under way to determine whether CBD can benefit those suffering from epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Because CBD hosts strong antioxidant (stronger than vitamins C and E), anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, it is widely recognized as a natural way to promote brain health and overall wellness. Earlier this year, the FDA advisory panel unanimously approved a CBD-based medication to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy.
Heart Health and Blood Pressure
New research this year, published by the American Society for Clinical Investigation, has indicated that CBD may be an effective, natural treatment to lower high blood pressure. One study revealed that using CBD oil reduced resting systolic blood pressure and stroke volume in subjects who were exposed to stress. Researchers concluded that the anxiety regulating properties of CBD were responsible for the decrease in blood pressure, which ultimately supported heart health. The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in CBD oil can also help to prevent heart related illnesses.
Support for Cancer Patients
There is increasing research that supports the efficacy of CBD oil in treating some symptoms related to cancer treatment, such as nausea and pain. In a recent study, patients who were undergoing chemotherapy used CBD oil and found it helped to reduce the side effects of chemo, particularly feelings of nausea. The majority of these patients also reported that CBD helped lessen their discomfort and pain.
Sleeplessness and Anxiety
CBD oil has been safely used to treat anxiety, including sleeplessness and PTSD. CBD has the ability to act on the brain’s receptors for serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps to regulate mood and social behavior. It is similar to anti-depressants, only more natural. You must be careful to use only CBD oil to treat any anxiety-related conditions, as any traces of THC can increase anxiety and have the reverse of the desired effect.
Research suggests that CBD oil may be used to treat acne. This is due to its proven efficacy in treating inflammation and its ability to reduce the production of sebum and prevent the activation of small secreted proteins called cytokines. CBD-based products are popping up in many sexual health products and skin care products too, as they become a more natural solution to maintaining healthy, young-looking skin. Research is also underway for CBD’s effects on arthritis, allergies and other respiratory illnesses, and cancer prevention, to name a few.
The Difference Between THC & CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are both natural compounds found in the cannabis plant. Both of them share the same molecular structure of 30 hydrogen atoms, 2 oxygen atoms , and 21 carbon atoms.
They may have the same molecular structure but they are arranged differently causing them to have different effects on the body.
Since both of them are cannabinoids, they are beneficial to the body and they can help treat pain, seizures, and reduce anxiety. However, THC has some psychoactive effects and it is one of the main reasons why smoking weed or taking marijuana can get you high.
CBD on the other hand has no psychoactive effects which makes it safe to use and it's one of the reasons why it's approved by the FDA and being used to treat patients.
The Major Differences Between Marijuana & Hemp
Marijuana and Hemp are classifications used to broadly define the cannabis plant. Both of them are used to differentiate the different Cannabis strains and species of cannabis plans although scientifically “hemp” and “marijuana” are neither strains nor species of the cannabis plant.
What differentiates them is the THC content of each plant. This is also why federal law places much importance on the source of the CBD products since one of them is legal (hemp) while the other (marijuana) is not.
Mariujuana refers to varieties of the cannabis plant that have more than 0.3% THC. THC being psychoactive means that products derived from the marijuana plant can intoxicate its users or get them high.
Hemp is a broad term that refers to varieties of the cannabis plant that have less than 0.3% THC. Because of its low THC content, it isn’t psychoactive and many products derived from hemp like CBD shows how useful it can be in treating various illnesses as well as relieving stress.
Can You Carry CBD On A Plane?
It depends on whether you’re flying domestically or internationally.
For domestic flights, TSA guidelines state that as of January 2020, Consumers can carry and travel with CBD products as long as they are approved by the FDA and contain less than 0.3% THC.
International flights are more tricky and it depends on the country that you will be traveling to. We strongly advise that you research the CBD laws of the country you are traveling to avoid problems.
Let’s Define Each Term
Cannabis – A genus of flowering plants that includes Cannabis indica, Cannabis ruderalis and Cannabis sativa.
CBD – An acronym for cannabidiol, this is a chemical compound found in cannabis plants. It is not psycho-active.
THC – An acronym for Tetrahydrocannabinol, this is the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis plants. It is the main chemical that produces the effect of getting high.
Hemp CBD Oil – Made from the flowers, stalks and stems of cannabis sativa plants. Does notcontain THC. It is often combined with a carrier oil, which could be hemp oil. For this reason, you may see CBD oil called “hemp CBD oil.”
Hemp – Refers to varieties of cannabis that contain less than 0.3% of THC.
Hemp Oil – Can refer to either full-spectrum hemp oil, which does contain CBD, or just to hemp seed oil, which does not contain CBD. (This is the most confusing term, so be sure to check ingredients on anything labeled “hemp oil” so you know exactly what you’re getting.)
Hemp Seed Oil – Made from the seeds of hemp plants. The seeds do not contain THC and only trace amounts of CBD. They are rich in fatty acids and nutrients.
Marijuana – Refers to varieties of cannabis that contain between 0.3% THC and 30% THC.